“Editor’s note” in no machine field in the, Pennsylvania University engineering and application Science College Dean, and United States engineering hospital academician Vijay Kumar can be described as is one myth level of characters, he is air robot and collaboration robot of originator, 2012 he in TED of speech at cooperation of flight robot (click links Watch) detonated has consumers for no machine of imagination, also change has mass on more spin wing no machine of “toy” awareness. Drone in the tide of frontier research has given him the UAV manufacturer many enlightenment (such as throwing Lily drones fly patterns). While Vijay Kumar to opportunities to participate in activities in China in recent days, our God and the UAV industry exchanges.
Q: When did you come to China for the first time?
A:uh… (Thinking) about 5-6 years ago.
Q: well, it quite early for the drones.
A: Yes. In 2000 we began this research, by 2005, we made a first flying robot, research in Xinjiang was only started in 2008.
Q: When did you first come into contact with the robot and the interest in it?
A: when I was in grad school decide the future direction of scientific research. I have access to a six-legged walking robot, when this robot to walk on the ground, both wheeled and the foot-there has been some progress, but is still a blank in the flying robot. I first do is fixed-wing aircraft, but the problem is it’s hard to get flight clearance, are difficult to test in the city. After years of research, we start turning does not require flight clearance fee.
Q: How do you see the robot to bring changes in our lives?
A: technology plays an important role in social change, the most typical example of this was the industrial revolution, the robot is no exception. There is no doubt that robots with superhuman class: they calculate faster and faster than a human than human response, more accurate positioning accuracy and repeatability is better than humans. To cite an example, human drivers in case of emergency needs of approximately 0.1 to 0.2-second reaction time, and self-driving cars speed only for human 1/10. However, this does not mean that robots will replace humans, robots in the means we need to use robots to learn and adapt, and we were able to finish their tasks in completing a higher level. To accommodate this, we need to increase investment in education and labour, but we now understand how the human brain learning, decision-making and action is still a long way, so I do not think robot for some time in the future we will have the same wisdom and humanity.
Q: you have many Chinese students should be taught, how do you evaluate them?
A: I don’t see the difference between Chinese students and others. We are recruiting the most talented students, Chinese students the same smart, entrepreneurial, hard working, ambitious, I have quite a few Chinese students, two of them to teach in the University and the other in Xinjiang now, they have good development in different fields.
Q: your Chinese students returned to China after graduation or stay in the United States?
A: I think a lot of students are willing to go back to China, because there are a lot of opportunities.
Q: do you think what kind of opportunities do you have?
A: flying robot for commercial use there is still a lot of opportunity. Many talented people have to join them, it requires a supply chain, flying robots, power systems, operating systems, electrical components, such as different aspects of cooperation, but there are opportunities in every area. Shenzhen, which is why I referred to as “creators of Hollywood” reasons here full of energy, there are a lot of interesting people, there are many plants, you can hate easily prototype your ideas into more specific.
Q: thank you for such high ratings from their Shenzhen, Lei feng’s network (search for “Lei feng’s network”, public interest) ‘s headquarters is in Shenzhen. In India and Shenzhen are similar to such a place?
A: No. China’s exclusive manufacturing supply chain infrastructure. If you are in India, do the same thing you might want to wait a few months.
Q: your TED lecture, 4 million people watching in 2012, is a popular video on TED website. Why do you think this video is so popular?
Q: I’m not sure the reason behind this, but we should be from a development point of view, Rome was not built in a day. So this may be the result of landmark, but did not see behind this may have 5 years, 10 years or longer to accumulate. I mean, most people on the progress in the field of robot may not know, when they suddenly see a new technology, they will make their eyes bright feel. That’s the beauty of technology, if you have been engaged in this field of study, you may be accustomed to doing everything.
Q: you show you thing called “rotorcraft”, so it seems to you, flying robots and popular understanding of “drones” (Drones) what would be the difference?
A: for me the difference is, first of all, the drones are often the kind of military we said, large UAVs, and our flying robot body is small and, secondly, the drone is very clumsy, and the robot is clever. But to the public, the market does not (flying robot, this military drones and rotor consumer-level drone) make a clear distinction.
Q: what does do a little?
A: If small enough to fly faster, without fear of collision. Also more secure.
Q: but we see unmanned aerial vehicle products in the market, they are usually larger than your flying robots, nor showing your flying robot that level of dexterity.
A: that’s because the starting point is different, our research will focus on safety, first aid, agricultural and other applications. Next month, we will go to the Fukushima (accident), unmanned probes. Our flying robots will be smaller, safer, more intelligent, more quickly, and be able to work together. It’s like four people to lift a table, you don’t need to tell everyone they need where punches, lift tables, how to coordinate their hands all this flying robot can complete.
Q: I think that scientific research and market there is always a gap. For example, Lily, when we see that Lily can fly, they will have a “Wow” feeling, but in fact your students in your 2012 TED presentation Daniel will give you the same action.
A: (laughs) the user is forgetful. They don’t look ahead, they do not know what is the latest technology.
Q: how cooperation between you and the industry?
A: we work with companies in many industries have. For example, Xinjiang, an informal Adviser we are their investment funds, we get free samples from Xinjiang, purchased from their motors, propellers, etc; another of our key partners are high, I have students working in Qualcomm, Qualcomm will bring us to provide special funds for scientific research.
Q: in your opinion, mobile phone chip manufacturers such as Qualcomm why so interested in flying robots?
A: Qualcomm doing this thing is not surprising. Millet, Huawei is also going to do, if you look at the future of computing, this is the same logic: the future is not the mobile phone world, but the world of robots. We may be through phone calls, the future could be machine to machine communication, exchange of my robot and me, then my robot and the robot exchanges, and finally your robot and communicate with you, and not necessarily is said to be holding a cell phone message. Next-generation devices can be like this, they also took a fancy to this huge market opportunity.
Q: you and the United States drone manufacturers, such as 3D Robotics glove?
A: No. I know some of them, but in the United States, we primarily and Qualcomm, not working with producers, we can purchase hardware from DJI products, and the software depends on cooperation with Qualcomm.
Q: the drones appear in other application areas like Xinjiang, the Unicorn company? Which areas?
A: there will be. But I am not able to determine in which areas, large parts of Xinjiang are caught the user demand for photography, but five years ago, I did not know that Xinjiang will grow as a Unicorn company, I think that technology advances at a rapid pace, it makes it difficult for us to that conclusion.
Q: you mentioned, for example, agriculture? What kind of opportunities of this? Disney phone case
A: population growth, cultivated area decreased due to changes in weather, natural disasters, pests can lead to food crises. If we want to survive, we need to improve the efficiency of the production of agricultural products, and unmanned aerial vehicles will be an important means of achieving agricultural growth. Disney phone case
Q: Yes, but for most farmers, the drone is too complicated.
A: Yes, but they can use drone as an outsourced service.
If I’m a farmer, I would like to know which plants need more water, which suffered a plant pests and diseases. Yesterday I just gave how to use unmanned aerial vehicles to predict yield lecture, I need to know the output, if I am unable to estimate yield, I can’t be effective, marketing and distribution.
Q: just enter the robot researchers and entrepreneurs in the industry, what’s your advice?
A: the robot is an interesting area, the only challenge is that this is an area without borders, I cannot tell them, you should study this concern that because the borders in the changing dynamics of the robot. You need to keep an open mind, and sensitive to new opportunities every day to learn–I’m still learning, but system is changing so fast, and you need to remind yourself: there are many things that I don’t know.
Another is to learn skills. You have a lot of ideas, would you go to practice, to confirm whether it is really possible. But more than that, you don’t have the frustration of failure, because in the new industry, what can happen, and we are just exploring, you don’t know what worked and what didn’t work.
Artificial intelligence and Robotics is a leading source of research, each behind a landmark study, tend to contain 5-10 the accumulation of years and even longer. Cross between from scientific research to a specific application, you will need to close interaction between academia and the business community. Focus on cutting-edge technology, used to explore in order to grasp the opportunity.
Professor Vijay Kumar CCF-Gair Conference will attend the Lei feng’s network in August, do you want to close communication with him? Then don’t miss this annual feast of AI!